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### Reference Help Posted: September 13th, 2014, 9:10 pm
I'm trying to design an alicorn, and I need help with the reference point.
I need to find the ratio of 2:2+sqrt2 on the main diagonal, or the equivalent ratio on the edge. Basically it's so a square and a 1:1+sqrt2 rectangle can fit snugly on the main diagonal with the opposite corners lying on the edges of the square.
I tried to do the math myself using a calculator, and the result was ~.5857. But when I plugged that number into ReferenceFinder, it didn't give the point I needed. Can anyone figure out what I did wrong?

Also, I think this could be a good topic for anyone with a similar problem, unless the mods decide to move it. I know I've made a couple topics like this, but I can't seem to find them.

### Re: Reference Help Posted: September 13th, 2014, 10:07 pm
I am trying to understand the point you need, but no matter how many times I've read your explanation, I can't. Can you draw a sketch (even a not-to-scale one would do)? What do you mean by opposite corners?

You know that no point on the edges (I know yours falls on the diagonal) can be at a position larger than 1?

### Re: Reference Help Posted: September 13th, 2014, 11:45 pm
Sorry if I wasn't clear. What I mean is that two corners of the rectangle lie on the main diagonal, and the other two corners lie on two adjacent edges of the square. That divides the main diagonal into divisions of 1:1:1+sqrt2:1, which can be simplified to 2:2+sqrt2. The equivalent ratio on the square's edge (I think) would be sqrt2:1+sqrt2 (if that's the result when you divide both sides by sqrt2).

Let me get a model of the situation folded, and then hopefully you'll understand it better.

### Re: Reference Help Posted: September 14th, 2014, 1:20 am
Baltorigamist wrote:Sorry if I wasn't clear. What I mean is that two corners of the rectangle lie on the main diagonal, and the other two corners lie on two adjacent edges of the square. That divides the main diagonal into divisions of 1:1:1+sqrt2:1, which can be simplified to 2:2+sqrt2. The equivalent ratio on the square's edge (I think) would be sqrt2:1+sqrt2 (if that's the result when you divide both sides by sqrt2).

Let me get a model of the situation folded, and then hopefully you'll understand it better.

I understand a bit better now, but not completely. Which side of the rectangle lies on the diagonal, the short or the long one?

Still I think that a sketch (even if it is not to scale), would explain it perfectly.

### Re: Reference Help Posted: September 14th, 2014, 1:13 pm
I think this is the situation:

Removed Image

-------------------------- Calculation --------------------------
With given values:

a = 2
b = 2 + sqrt(2)

This means that the diagonal (d) has length:

d = 4 + sqrt(2)

First lets get the edge (e). Since it is a square, Pythagoras equation simplifies to:

2*e^2 = d^2

Solving for the (e) gives:

e = sqrt((d^2)/2)

Now lets calculate the values for (c) and (f). This is the same as for the main diagonal. Hence we can state:

c = sqrt((b^2)/2)
f = sqrt((a^2)/2)

The next thing to do is that we need to scale the edges to 1. This is nothing more than dividing the (c) and (f) by (e). (e/e = 1 )

We get:

c/e = sqrt((b^2)/2)/sqrt((d^2)/2)
f/e = sqrt((a^2)/2)/sqrt((d^2)/2)

So now we know the values on the edge. For point p(x,y) we have x = y = f/e, so actually p(x,x). (or p(y,y) if you want because we are on the diagonal of a square)

Filling in the number for (a) and (d) we get:

x = f/e = sqrt((2^2)/2)/sqrt(((4 + sqrt(2))^2)/2)

Simplify:

f = sqrt((2^2)/2) = sqrt(2)

For (e) expand the square.

e = sqrt(((4 + sqrt(2))^2)/2) = sqrt((16 + 2 + 8*sqrt(2))/2) = sqrt((18 + 8*sqrt(2))/2) = sqrt(9 + 4*sqrt(2))

Hence we have p(x,x) with x = sqrt(2)/sqrt(9 + 4*sqrt(2)) which is approaximately: 0.369398.

This means that c/e = 1 - 0.369398 = 0.630602.

-------------------------- End Calculation --------------------------

As another thing. You got the value of ~.5857. That is the ratio of (c) and (f):

c/f = 0.369398/ 0.630602 = 0.585786.

This is not the value that you want. In this case you are calculating how the length of (c) compares to (f).

If the sketch is wrong, I at least hope this post helps you in the right direction.

Good luck ### Re: Reference Help Posted: September 14th, 2014, 2:11 pm
Thanks for your help guys. Here's what I was looking for: Reference Needed by Baltorigamist, on Flickr

If I did the math right, x should equal about 0.4142135, or sqrt2-1.

### Re: Reference Help Posted: September 14th, 2014, 2:51 pm
It seems my sketch was correct .

I stick by my answer: x = ~0.369398 or in more exactly: x = sqrt(2)/sqrt(9 + 4*sqrt(2)). For the explenation see my post above.

### Re: Reference Help Posted: September 14th, 2014, 3:10 pm
Yep flareglooM is right. Maybe this explenation is easier: length of diagonal is 4+sqrt(2), length of x projected to the diagonal is 2, so everything you need to do is:
x=2/(4+sqrt(2))=~0.3693980625

### Re: Reference Help Posted: September 14th, 2014, 3:12 pm
Yeah, you were right. I plugged 0.6306 into ReferenceFinder, and it works. Thanks a lot!

Now here's to hoping the rest of the model works out. xD

### Re: Reference Help Posted: September 14th, 2014, 3:20 pm
I think the point you need (your point A) is 0,369398062518129, 0 The side is the one that should be of a value of 1, so you need to arrange your calculations according to that.

According to reference finder, what you need to do (with "0" error) is: ### Re: Reference Help Posted: September 14th, 2014, 3:32 pm
(0.6306, 1) seems to work fine, but I might try your point as well. Thanks for the suggestion.

### Re: Reference Help Posted: September 14th, 2014, 3:39 pm
None of the other answers were there when I saw this thread this morning but they arrived while I did my calculations he he.

### Re: Reference Help Posted: September 14th, 2014, 3:48 pm
I don't know what all those numbers mean, but I did know the landmark for your model.

Click on link for image of how

https://www.flickr.com/photos/124886212@N06/15049334970/

EDIT: haha I was making this since Baltorigamist posted his little sketch picture. It is the exact landmark, 22.5 symmetry style

### Re: Reference Help Posted: September 14th, 2014, 4:00 pm
As other people said before, equation is 2/(sqrt (2)) which is a reference for Ancient Dragon as well, so you don't need to use any references from ref finder  Reference Balto by DJorigami, on Flickr

### Re: Reference Help Posted: September 14th, 2014, 4:01 pm
valerite wrote:I don't know what all those numbers mean, but I did know the landmark for your model.

Click on link for image of how

https://www.flickr.com/photos/124886212@N06/15049334970/

EDIT: haha I was making this since Baltorigamist posted his little sketch picture. It is the exact landmark, 22.5 symmetry style

You were faster haha